Amputations can be congenital or acquired, due to a medical condition or trauma. Rehabilitation for amputations is an essential component of the recovery process for individuals who have undergone limb loss. The primary goals of rehabilitation are to improve functional abilities, promote independence, enhance mobility, and facilitate psychological adjustment. The rehabilitation process consists of pre-prosthetic training, prosthetic evaluation and fitting, mobility training and activities of daily living (ADL) training. Pain control is important for the patient to have the ability to go through the rehabilitation process.


This is inflammation of the bursae, which are small sacs filled with fluid that cushion the joints. Bursitis can cause pain, swelling, and stiffness in the affected joint. The most common bursae to cause issues are the shoulder, elbow and hip. There are 160 bursae in the body.

Elbow, Wrist, and Hand Pain

The most common reasons to have pain in these joints include arthritis, trauma, or repetitive strain. Conditions include lateral or medial epicondylitis (tennis and golfers elbow), carpal tunnel syndrome, and trigger finger.

Hip Pain

Hip dysfunction refers to any condition or problem that affects the normal functioning of the hip joint. The hip joint is a ball-and-socket joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the pelvis, allowing for a wide range of motion and supporting various activities such as walking, running, and jumping. Symptoms of hip dysfunction can vary depending on the specific condition but may include pain or discomfort in the hip joint or groin area, limited range of motion, stiffness, swelling, clicking or popping sensations, difficulty walking or bearing weight on the affected hip, and muscle weakness. Hip dysfunction can be caused by a variety of factors, including injury, overuse, degenerative changes, structural abnormalities, and underlying medical conditions. Common diagnosis include osteoarthritis, labral tears, impingement, bursitis, ITB syndrome, tendinitis, fractures, hip dysplasia.

Inflammatory Arthritis

(Rheumatoid, Gout, etc.)

This is an autoimmune disease that causes inflammation and pain in the joints.

Joint Pain

The most common joints of the body to be injured include the knee, hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hand, foot and ankle. Joint pain can come from multiple sources, the joint itself, due to arthritis, cartilage damage, etc, it can include tendon issues like patellar tendonitis or rotator cuff dysfunction.

Knee Pain

Knee pain refers to discomfort or pain in the knee joint, which is a complex joint responsible for supporting body weight and facilitating movement. The symptoms of knee pain can vary depending on the underlying cause but may include pain, swelling, stiffness, limited range of motion, instability, clicking or popping sounds, and difficulty bearing weight or walking. Knee pain can result from a wide range of factors, including acute injuries (such as ligament tears, meniscus tears, or fractures), overuse or repetitive strain injuries, degenerative conditions (such as osteoarthritis), inflammatory conditions (such as rheumatoid arthritis), bursitis, tendonitis, and underlying medical conditions.


This is a degenerative joint disease that can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints. It is most common in older adults and often affects the knees, hips, and hands.

Shoulder Pain

Shoulder dysfunction refers to any condition or injury that affects the normal functioning of the shoulder joint. The shoulder is a complex joint. Shoulder dysfunction can be caused by various factors, including trauma, overuse, degenerative changes, or underlying medical conditions. The most common reasons for dysfunction include rotator cuff tear, biceps tendonitis, impingement syndrome, frozen shoulder (adhesive capsulitis), arthritis, bursitis and labral tear.